Ebola in Africa

Ebola in Africa


Ebola is the deadly disease marked by hemorrhagic fever.  The bleeding can be internally as well as externally. Due to the absence of precise medication and the potent vaccine to cure the Ebola virus occurrence of this disease is the cause of intense havoc in the World. Though the virus is known from a long time back its effective vaccination and medication have not been developed. It is extremely contagious nature transmitting due to this the cremation ritual of the dead needs to be done under standard guidance.


Information


1. Incubation Day


This is the day of the invasion of virus and occurrence of disease. Depending on several circumstances the incubation day varies from two to twenty-one days.

2. Symptoms


Blood is seen in vomiting, coughing and defecating (1). In some cause bleeding from the eye and heavy bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract occurs. Rapid weight loss, chest, stomach pain, etc. are the common symptoms of Ebola although the symptoms are similar to that of common disease. Excessive loss of body fluid is the prime cause of high mortality.

3. Treatment


The infected patient needs to isolated to prevent the other members of families and friend from getting infected. Treatment is followed by rehydration and practicing of variety of drugs

4. Transmission


Due to high contagious nature of this virus, it can get spread by the variety of means some of the common means of transmission is though the contact of body fluid (2).  This is the zoonotic disease transmitted from the fruit bats, primates like gorilla, chimpanzee, antelopes, etc. Human contact with infected dead or alive animals spread this deadly disease. Due to the high contagious nature, the healthcare professional can also get infected.

Ebola does not posses danger of airborne transmission.

5. Diagnosis


A blood sample is analyzed for the presence of viral antibody as well as viral RNA is analyzed.  

6. Outbreak


The outbreak of this disease monthly occurs in the Africa. Due to this reason, it is also called as the disease of Africa.

7. Preventive Measure


Avoid consuming under cooked bush meat of any kinds. Unnecessary touching of the wild animals should be avoided. A scientist doing taxidermy of the wild animals need to follow strict guidance to prevent infection. The burial of the infected person needs to be done with the standard guideline recommended.


References

1.     Feldmann H, Geisbert TW (March 2011). "Ebola hemorrhagic fever"Lancet377 (9768): 849–82.

2. Drazen JM, et al. (November 2014). "Ebola and quarantine". N Engl J Med371 (21): 2029–30. 


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