10 Tasmanian Tiger Facts

10 Tasmanian Tiger Facts


Tasmanian tiger is the long extinct animal from the world is well known as Thylacine. The extinction of the species takes place in 1930s due to these lots of mysteries surrounds around this species. The feeding, social behaviors of the species are poorly understood. Recently, findings such as their high intelligence ability, organized hunting capacities are against the long established knowledge about them.

Recent intensive study of the skull found that the Tasmanian tiger is closely related to Tasmanian devil. They have the stripes in the body for the camouflage to the ambient environment.


Interesting Facts:


1. Weight


The fully mature Tasmanian tiger use to weight around 30 kilogram.

2. Life expectancy


The life expectancy for the Tasmanian tiger was found to be 7 to 9 years under wild condition. Captive Tasmanian tiger in the zoo use to live longer then wild varieties.

3. Native


Tasmanian tiger is native to Mainland Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea.

4. Diet


Diet of the Tasmanian tiger is believed to be the organism thrives around their habitat. Emu, Kangaroos, small animals, etc. are believed to be the prime source of their diet.

5. Cause of extinction


The prime cause of the existence of the Tasmanian tiger is the massive hunting by the settlers to protect the domestic seep. The extinction of the emu in 1850 is believed to trigger the extinction of tiger due to decrease in food supply.

6. Hunting


Like other carnivorous mammals they are believe to be hunt during the night and remains active during dusk and dawn also known as crepuscular hunter.

7. Habitat


Sporadic evidence indicates the prime habitat of the Tasmanian tiger to be grasslands, Eucalyptus forest, wetland, etc. similar to that of Tasmanian devil.  The home range varies up to 40 to 80 kilometer square (1).

8. Largest carnivorous marsupial


Tasmanian tiger can be considered as the largest carnivorous marsupial. 

9. Convergent evolution


This is the term applies when two organism of different species develops similar features due to the environmental factors and ecological role they play on it. The niche occupies by the Tasmanian tiger use to mimic to that of other canine. The skull of the Tasmanian tiger, timber wolf and red fox shows the similarities (2)

10. Intelligence


In past the Tasmanian tiger was considered as the sluggish and dull creature. Recently due to massive research in the skull bone evidence are coming against this belief. The brain stricture of the tiger is well suited for their predatory life style.  

Image sources




Refrences:

1. Guiler, Eric (2006). "Profile – Thylacine". Zoology Department, University of Tasmania. Retrieved on 21 January 2017.

2. Werdelin, L. (1986). "Comparison of Skull Shape in Marsupial and Placental Carnivores". Australian Journal of Zoology34 (2): 102–198. 


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