Paper: Interesting Information


Paper simply is the fiber of the cellulose obtained from the plants. Usually, woods, grasses, bamboo or vegetation are used to make the paper. Before the invention of Internet, the paper was only the source to store and convey the information. Books that are made up of paper were intensively used. After the invention of the Internet, the dissipation and authority have shifted towards it.

Paper is the word derived from the Papyrus plant. Before the invention of the paper ancient European and Egyptian used the thin seat derived from this plant as paper.

Before the invention of the paper, the bark of bamboo, thin sheet of wood and large leaf was used as the paper. The origin of paper can be traced to china around second centaury AD. Paste of the recycled fiber from the cotton, hemp, and linen were used as the paper (1).

Interesting Information:


1. As Pollutant


Use of conventional beech during manufacturing process releases the huge amount of chlorine and the chlorinated dioxin. Dioxins are the major pollutant adversely affecting the biota in the aquatic system. They interfere with the normal development of the disturbance in reproduction, hormonal balance, suppresses the immune system, etc. there is also the risk of bioaccumulation and bio magnification in the food chain (2).

Due to the massive use of tree and other vegetation in the manufacture of the paper, it is drastically accelerating the process of deforestation. The developing countries are rapidly harassing the resources for profit without considering the natural replenishing rate.

2. Paper and Global Worming


The extensive use of the paper that is a byproduct of the tree and vegetation is accelerating the process of global worming. The tree, which uses the carbon dioxide gas during the photosynthesis, is cut during the paper manufacturing process.

Trees are the vital part of carbon sequestration, which is essential for minimizing the effects of global worming. The decrease in the absorption of the Carbon dioxide gas, which is the potent cause of global warming, is causing unwanted consequences.


3. Manufacturing Process of Paper


The majority of the raw material for the manufacture of the paper is the tree. Wood is mechanically ground or treated chemically in order to turn into pulp. The pulp is the soft wet and sapless material. The lignin acts as the glue to bind the cellulose fiber. Cellulose is the outer covering of the cell commonly known as the cell wall. In the traditional method, the pulp is bleach with the chlorine to make it white. The pulp is washed, compressed, dried, heated, and finally, the large roll of the paper is made. The roll is then cut to desired shape and size mostly the standard size.

During the recycling of the paper, the crusher reduces the paper to individual fiber. The obtained pulp is then refined, compressed and heat to obtained recycle paper. The demand for recycled paper is lower than the virgin paper.

4. Benefit and Necessity of Using Paper


Papers are perishable that means they are biodegradable. Uses of the biodegradable product cause less pollution. Paper can provide several alternatives to the plastic. As the degradation of plastic takes time due to its innate resistance to the degradation.

References:


1. Göttsching, et al. (2000), "1", Recycled Fiber and Deinking, Papermaking Science and Technology, 7, Finland: Fapet Oy, pp. 12–14.  

2.  "Dioxins and their effects on human health"World Health Organization. June 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2016.


Comments

Popular Posts