Seahorses are the most elusive animal comprising of 54 extant species. They are the members of the bony fishes. The name horse is given to them due to the appearance of the head that mimic the head of the horse. Seahorses are in the constant decline due to habitat destruction especially the coral reef and unsustainable harvesting.
Seahorse is found in the tropical and temperate water around the globe. Due to their habitat in the difficult place, they are often difficult to find. Due to this, new species are constantly discovering around the globe.
The predominant diet of the seahorse comprises of small crustacean thriving around their habitat. Due to the body structure well adapted for camouflage to the ambient environment, it is easy for them to ambush the invertebrate of various kinds. Due to the lethargic speed, it is impossible to chase the prey.
The size of the seahorse ranges from 1.5 to 35.5 centimeters in length.
Seahorse is territorial and the male defense around one square meter of the area.
Unlike other bony fish, sea horse swims upright with the help of the dorsal fin.
5. Weird method of reproduction
During mating the female despots around 1500 eggs to the male pose. The male carries the egg for around 45 days until the egg hatches (1).
They have the lethargic seed merely reaching up to 1.5 meters in an hour. They are often honored as the slowest swimming species in the world.
Seahorse uses the coral reef to attach them by entangling the tail to the reef.
Dried seahorse is highly expensive and the price of dried sea horse is equivalent to gold in the Asian market. This clearly justified the unsuitable harvesting of the sea horse.
9. Seahorse as pet
Due to weird morphological character sea horse is generally used as the pet in the aquarium.
10. Chinese medicine
The sea horse is widely used for the ailments in the various diseases and for labor induction (2). There is no scientific evidence that supports their medicinal value.
1. Foster S.J and Vincent C.J. (2004). "Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management". Journal of Fish Biology. 65: 1–61
2. Bensky, D. et al. (2004) Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica. Eastland Press, Inc. Seattle, 3rd ed.