Penguins are the flightless bird native to the southern hemisphere. There are around 18 species of penguins roaming in the wild. Penguins specialized in the swimming and are the well-suited life in the underwater. Due to this, they spend half of the time in water and half in the Land. The predominant diet of the penguin encompassed the fish, squid, and krill.
Penguins are among the beautiful creature of the earth. There are various large-scale projects in the name of penguin.
1. Largest Penguin
Emperor penguin with the height of 1.1 meters and weight of 35 kilograms is considered as the largest species of the penguin.
The vestigial wings have transformed into flippers for better adaptation to the aquatic life. This is vital for the survival in the aquatic environment.
Penguin can remain in underwater for 22 minutes and can reach the astonishing depth of 565 meters and occasionally higher than that.
The speed of the penguin can reach to 27 kilometers per hour at the peak of the swimming. The average speed is around 12 kilometer per hour.
Insulating feathers for reducing heat in the body. The trapping of air in the feathers enables them to escape from freezing cold. The peculiar adaptation of the emperor penguin can be highly noticed phenomenon. The penguin aggregate in the group to conserve heat in freezing winter.
6. Drinking Salt Water
Salt water is filtered by the supraorbital gland from the blood and excreted through the nasal passage mainly through sneezing.
7. Catastrophic Molting
Penguin molt all at one time also know catastrophic molting. Unlike birds with losses, few feathers thought out the year.
8. Lifespan of Penguin
The lifespan of the penguin varies with the species. The average lifespan of the penguin is 15 to 20 years in natural condition.
The height of the penguin varies with the species. Emperor penguin can reach the noticeable height of 4 feet whereas the little Blue penguin merely reaches the height of 16 inches.
Penguins a lay egg, are warm-blooded and lacks mammary gland. Due to this, they are placed in the class Aves. There are misconceptions that they are mammals.
Both the parent in most of the species carries incubation of eggs. Also both the parents carry out the parental care.
12. Southern Hemispheres
There is the perception that penguin lives in the northern hemisphere. This is not true. Penguin resides in the Southern hemisphere.