Cats are the most beautiful and renounced pet animal found around the world. Cats are carnivorous feeding intensively in the small mammals, insect, birds etc. Our ancestors preferably to control the rat and mouse population have started domesticating cat. The rodents need to be controlled as they can accelerate the spread of the deadly disease like the plague. The evidence of domestication of the cat dates back to more than 9,500 years ago (1). Cat often live solitary life under natural condition.
Due to the aesthetic profound nature, more than 70 breeds of cats are available throughout the world. A cat can cause allergy to some people and the hypoallergenic cat has been made for the people who have the cat allergy.
Cat has an amazing sense of vision during the night. The whisker, which serves as the sense organ and helps in navigation and sensation. The smelling organs are of highly advanced. The cat is highly praised for their acute hearing power which can detect the higher pitched sound.
Facts About Cats:
The weight of the normal cat is around 5 Kilogram. The highest record of the domestic cat was 21 kilogram (2). Usually, the male is robust and larger than female.
2. Grass Eating
There is no precise mechanism to explain how cat eats the grass. There are tenets like cat eats grass for the folic acid sources and probably for dietary fiber.
Cats have the massive reproduction capacity (3) with the gestation period of around 65 days. Young are born with the blind eye and the number varies from 3 to 5.
4. Carbohydrate Digestion
Due to the availability of fewer enzymes to digest carbohydrate the adequate digestion of the carbohydrate is not possible in the cat. Cat has the digestive systems that are highly adaptable for digestion of meat.
Cats are well noticed for the large sleeping hour that is more than 20 hours in the single day. This is essential for the conservation of energy and to facilitate digestion of food.
Although cat avoids water cat has the ability to swim underwater.
7. Sweat Gland
Sweat gland is located beneath the paw pads and is absent in other parts of the body. These are essential for the regulation of heat.
8. Feral Cat
These are the domestic cats in the wild condition. They can create new problems in the ecosystem and can be catastrophic to the small fauna and birds.
9. Zoonotic Disease
A cat can transfer different zoonotic disease. Zoonotic diseases are the disease transfer from the animal to human. Various bacteria, virus, intestinal parasite get transmitted from the cat.
The popularity of cat varies from different cultures. Some treat the cat as the incarnation of ghost and use them in the necromancy. Other treat the cat in a respected manner.
1. Vigne JD, Guilaine J, Debue K, Haye L, Gérard P (April 2004). "Early taming of the cat in Cyprus". Science. 304 (5668): 259.
2. Hartwell, Sarah (2002–2011). "Dwarf, Midget and Miniature Cats (Including 'Tea-cup' Cats)". MessyBeast.com. self-published. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
3. Tucker, Abigail (2016). The Lion in the Living Room: How House Cats Tamed Us and Took Over the World. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1476738238. Retrieved 17 December 2016.