Tasmanian tiger is the long-extinct animal from the world is well known as Thylacine. The extinction of the species takes place in the 1930s due to these lots of mysteries surrounds around this species. The feeding, social behaviors of the species are poorly understood. Recently, findings such as their high intelligence, organized hunting capacities are against the long-established knowledge about them.
Recent intensive study of the skull found that the Tasmanian tiger is closely related to the Tasmanian devil. They have the stripes in the body for the camouflage to the ambient environment.
The fully mature Tasmanian tiger use to weight around 30 kilograms.
2. Life expectancy
The life expectancy for the Tasmanian tiger was found to be 7 to 9 years under wild condition. Captive Tasmanian tiger in the zoo uses to live longer than wild varieties.
Tasmanian tiger is native to Mainland Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea.
Diet of the Tasmanian tiger is believed to be the organism thrives in their habitat. Emu, Kangaroos, small animals, etc. are believed to be the prime source of their diet.
5. Cause of extinction
The prime cause of the existence of the Tasmanian tiger is the massive hunting by the settlers to protect the domestic seep. The extinction of the emu in 1850 is believed to trigger the extinction of tiger due to the decrease in food supply.
Like other carnivorous mammals, they are believed to be hunt during the night and remains active during dusk and dawn and are the crepuscular hunter.
Sporadic evidence indicates the prime habitat of the Tasmanian tiger to be grasslands, Eucalyptus forest, wetland, etc. similar to that of the Tasmanian devil. The home range varies up to 40 to 80-kilometer square (1).
8. Largest carnivorous marsupial
Tasmanian tiger can be considered as the largest carnivorous marsupial.
9. Convergent evolution
This is the term applies when two organism of different species develop similar features due to the environmental factors and the ecological role they play in it. The niche occupies by the Tasmanian tiger use to mimic that of another canine. The skull of the Tasmanian tiger, timber wolf, and red fox shows the similarities (2)
In past, the Tasmanian tiger was considered as the sluggish and dull creature. Recently due to massive research in the skull bone evidence are coming against this belief. The brain stricture of the tiger is well suited for their predatory lifestyle.
1. Guiler, Eric (2006). "Profile – Thylacine". Zoology Department, University of Tasmania. Retrieved on 21 January 2017.
2. Werdelin, L. (1986). "Comparison of Skull Shape in Marsupial and Placental Carnivores". Australian Journal of Zoology. 34 (2): 102–198.