Primate is the order of mammals that include human beings. The first primate has evolved around 80 million years ago. There are 505 primate species in existence. Due to massive deforestation around the globe, the primate species are being accessible once considered difficult to access. Due to this new primate species are contently emerging. Primates are catechized by higher cognitive ability and can be considered as intelligent than another organism (1).
Recently, the prediction of the scientist that most primate species will extinct from 50 years is producing Goosebumps around the globe.
1. Origin of Primates
The origin of the primates is often traced to the tropical forest as the ancestor of the primates used to live in the tropical forest.
Primates have the well-developed vision that is the binocular vision (2). Binocular vision differs in the monocular vision due to the fact that the field of vision gets overlap. It has the advantage over the monocular vision due to the absence of dark sport.
3. The weight of the Primates
The weight of the primate varies from species to another. The weight cans merely 30 grams in maturity to 200 kilograms in gorilla without considering human beings
4. Ability to Walk on Two Legs
Human is the only primate species capable of walking on two legs. The term bipedal is used for humans due to their ability to walk with two legs.
5. Cause of Extinction
The prime cause of the primate extinction is the habitat loss caused by degradation of the natural habitat. Planting the palm for the purpose of biodiesel has adversely affected their natural habitat. The high demand for the Primate meat in Africa is driving them to extinction. The unjustified demand of the bushmeat in China is accelerating the illegal smuggling. In China, It is generally believed that the body parts of the primate have healing property.
6. Importance of Primates
Primate plays the great role in the pollination of the plant and the dispersion. This is vital to mention the ecological balance in the mother nature.
7. How to Protect
The adjoining community around the natural habitat should be educated about the benefit of having primate around. Further, there should be the long-term plan for the community members for long-term sustainable income.
Hunting needs to stop to regenerate the population. Further, Unwanted human contact needs to be avoided in their natural habitat.
1. Boesch, C. et al. (1990). "Tool Use and Tool Making in Wild Chimpanzees". Folia Primatologica. 54 (1–2): 86–99.
2. Pough, F. W., et al (2005). "Characteristics of Primates". Vertebrate Life (7th ed.). Pearson. p. 630.