Malaria is the disease transmitted by the female Anopheles mosquito. The protozoan parasite of genus Plasmodium caused malaria. Protozoa like an ameba, paramecium, euglena and many others are acellular. They are called acellular because of the fact that single cell is able to perform vital activities for the survival. To complete the life cycle of malaria two hosts are required often refers to the digenetic life cycle. It completes the life cycle in human and mosquito. This is and was the prime disease-causing massive numbers of causality per year in present and past. This is the cause of hundreds of thousands dead in the tropics every year.
It is the disease transmitted by the mosquito bites that are prevalence in the tropical reason. Due to this, it can also be called as the tropical disease. The spread of the mosquito in the colder region due to various factors rapidly increasing the danger of malarial infection in colder place.
The common symptoms of malaria disease are the heavy fever, headache, vomiting, and tiredness. If not treated in time the skin can turn yellow and result in death (1). There is the drastic fluctuation of the body temperature of the sufferer. There is the alternation of massive hot and cold feelings by the sufferer.
Information on Malaria
1. Incubation Day
This is the date of biting of the infected mosquito and appearance of symptoms in the human body. The day varies from 8 to 25.
The diagnosis of the malaria is carried out by examining the blood firms under the microscope and antigenic based rapid diagnostic tests (2). Polymerize chain reaction-based test has developed to diagnosis the parasite. Mainly due to the high cost of operation and lack of technical manpower this has not been used in the places where there is the prevalence of malaria.
3. Ingesting Mosquito
Ingesting the infected mosquito orally does not cause the transfer of the mosquito. The disease transfer can only be possible by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.
4. Malaria Resistance Genes
There are certain tribe’s natives to trophic that do not develop malaria due to innate malaria resistance genes.
This includes series of precaution and steps mainly to avoid the mosquito bite. Steps like using nets during the night. Insect repellent chemical in the room, killing the mosquito using the pesticides, removing stagnant water as they act as the breeding ground of mosquito, using mosquito repellent cream while staying outside. Any measure helping to prevent the bite of a mosquito is effective.
6. Malaria and Poverty
Malaria is prevalence in the developing country and various researchers indicate it is the majority cause of hindrance economic growth (3).
Despite the number of large-scale research, there is no targeted vaccine available for the Malaria. There are medications available to treat the disease. There are some vaccines in trial phase but has not been used worldwide.
1. Caraballo H (2014). "Emergency department management of mosquito-borne illness: Malaria, dengue, and West Nile virus". Emergency Medicine Practice. 16 (5).
2. Kattenberg JH, et al. (2011). "Systematic review and meta-analysis: Rapid diagnostic tests versus placental histology, microscopy and PCR for malaria in pregnant women". Malaria Journal. 10: 321
3. Worrall E, Basu S, Hanson K (2005). "Is malaria a disease of poverty? A review of the literature". Tropical Health and Medicine. 10 (10): 1047–59.